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(: ") . 2% . - 1,181 , 1% 139,000 2003, , . .

" . , , . , , . , -.
2 8 " .

"" " :

1. . , (placenta acreta, increta and percreta) , , , , , (5).

2. . .

3. Lancet " , -34 . 2 .

4. " . , , .

5. . .

6. 18 (5.5%) .

7. -1.5% , -8% .

2004 , . . .
2003, 290 (0.2%) . 1000 -5000 " . . , - 6,400 . , " . . , , -50% . , , " " .

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" " " : " ". 10,000 . " ". , . . . .
. , . -30 -40 . . ( ) . . -30 10 , . -30 , .

90% . . . . 3.9 1000 ( 2000), 9.3. . , , , , . , , . . 2003 2 100,000 . " . 1985 " -10% " 10-15% . , " 9% 1984 - 18% 2002.

, 22% ( ). , . , 1000 1990 -1000 2000 . 6.3% 1990 10% 2000. " 90% . " -4% - 10.5% ( 262%). , .

1000 " -1%. 6,000 -10,000 .
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60% "" .
, .



1. Tew M. Safer ChildBirth? A Critical History of Maternity Care. Chapman & Hall. London 1990.
2. Misrad HaBriut Annual Statistics Dec 31, 2000.
3. World Health Organization. Appropriate technology for birth. Lancet 1985;2:436-7.
4. Bewley, S. The unfacts of 'request' cesarean section. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 109, 597-605.
5. Slome, J A midwife's private practice in Israel: British Journal of
Midwifery.2002;10 (4) : 224-9.
6. Smith GC, Pell JP, Dobbie R. Caesarean section and risk of unexplained
stillbirth in subsequent pregnancy. Lancet 2003: 362: 1779-84.
7. Wagner, M. Necessary Cesarean Concerns. Midwifery Today, 2003:68:5.

: 06/09/05

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